Safe for lip balm and other skin care products.
Containers/Jars: Containers and jars should be clean and at ambient temperature. No pre-heating is necessary.
Dyes: Most dyes work with CB-135. To achieve better color depth, use about 30% more dye. When using liquid dyes, color blocks, chips or no dye, heat the wax to155°F (68.3°C).
Fragrances / Essential Oils: Many fragrances and essential oils work in CB-135, especially those designed for soy wax in general. To minimize scent loss, add scent prior to pouring but at a wax temperature no less than 135°F (57.2°C). Optimum hot scent throw is achieved with a full diameter burn pool at a depth of ¼ to ½ inch (0.6 to 1.3 cm). Some scents may react poorly causing bleed, objectionable frosting, or poor flame quality. Try a different scent to correct that occurrence.
Wicking: CB-135 often requires larger wicking than paraffin. A general rule of thumb: have a full burn pool of ¼ to ½ inch (0.6 to 1.3 cm) deep, from side to side, in approximately the same number of hours for every inch (2.5 cm) of the container diameter.
Example: An Apothecary jar with a diameter of 4 inches (10.2 cm) should achieve a burn pool depth of ¼ to ½ inch (0.6 to 1.3 cm), side to side, within about 4 hours. The following table suggests wick types and sizes to begin testing, although adjustments may be needed. Keep wicks trimmed to ¼ inch (0.6 cm). If you experience poor flame quality or stability, try a different type of wick. Test burning should be done after the candle has had a chance to set up and cure for 48 hours after pouring.
||Initial Wick Suggestions (to begin testing)
|Diameter: 1 to2 inches (2.5 to 5.1 cm)
|Diameter: 2 to 3 inches (5.1 to 7.6 cm)
|Diameter: 3 to 4 inches (7.6 to10.2 cm)
|Diameter: 4 inches + (10.2 cm +)
||Typically requires double wicking. Try using 2 wicks spaced 1 inch (2.5 cm) apart
Melting: When using dye, melt the wax to a minimum of 155°F (68.3°C) under gentle agitation to promote even heating and thorough mixing. Higher temperatures, in excess of 190°F (87.8°C), may cause the wax to discolor. Allow the wax to cool to the desired pour temperature.
Pouring: It is typical for wax to solidify at the beginning of the pour during its first contact with the container. CB-135 should have a pour temperature high enough so that when the container is full, the initial solidified wax has re-melted. The temperature should not be so high that the liquid wax sits more than 30 minutes before starting to solidify.
Pour temperatures will vary according to container type and size, fragrance and dye, and the effects you want to achieve. CB-135 can be poured as low as 100° F (37.8° C) if the wax is kept in motion (constant mixing) until poured. Lower pour temperatures help to reduce frosting while producing a smooth top and good adhesion.
There is a difference in cooling rates for different container configurations. Cooling too quickly or too slowly can cause concaving and/or frosting. Large jars such as the apothecary configurations and large candles above 8 oz (237 ml) in size cool slower and require lower pour temperatures, about 125°F (51.7°C). Smaller candles (less than 8 oz (237 ml)) and metal/tin containers cool fast, requiring a higher pour temperature of about 155°F (68.3°C). If difficulties are experienced with your pour temperatures, try a lower or higher temperature in increments of 10°F (6°C).
When candles are poured at a lower temperature (about 110°F (43.3°C)), add the scent at a higher temperature (about 140°F (60°C)) and allow the wax to cool to the desired pour temperature.
Pour temperatures should be checked and confirmed according to seasonal changes.
Candle Cooling: Cool undisturbed candles at an ambient temperature of 70° F (21.1°C). The containers should be about 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) apart to allow air circulation for even cooling. The container should remain open during cooling for at least 24 hrs (large candles may require longer times). Slower cooling will encourage container adhesion while quicker cooling will encourage container pull away. CB-135 is designed to adhere to the glass and should be encouraged to do so. Candles should be allowed to sit undisturbed for 48 hours before test burning.
Test Burning: Test burn the candle for burn pool diameter and quality after it has setup (cured or dried) for a minimum of 48 hours. Every combination of container, wax, dye, fragrances, and wick should be tested for burn quality.
Storage (Packaged): CB-135 flakes should be stored in a cool dry location away from direct heat, sunlight and moisture. Temporary extremes in temperatures, cold or hot, have no adverse effect. CB-135 may be used frozen, and, if partially melted, allowed to cool and re-solidify before use.
General Trouble Shooting
Test for one variable at a time when trouble shooting to isolate the cause. Variables include (but are not limited to): the container, wax, dye, fragrance, wick, pour temperature, and environmental conditions such, as cooling temperature, along with manufacturing conditions.
- First make a candle in the container with only the wick (no dye or fragrance). If it looks good then the wax is performing normally.
- Then, one at a time, change a variable. Try adding the dye without fragrance to the container, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well, the dye is compatible with the wax.
- Try adding the fragrance without dye to the container, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well, the fragrance is compatible with the wax.
- Try the dye and fragrance together with the container, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well the dye/fragrance combination is compatible with the wax.
- If you are experiencing burn problems, try a different type or size of wick.
- Other variables to try are different pouring and cooling temperatures and even different containers.
- Ensure all equipment and materials are contaminant free.
- Test for one variable at a time when trouble shooting to isolate the cause.
Shelf Life: When stored properly, as per instructions, CB-135 has a minimum shelf life of 3 years. However, for finished candles, our tests have shown that they can last at least 10 years.