Containers/Jars: Containers and jars should be clean and at ambient temperature. No pre-heating is necessary.
Dyes: Most dyes work with Pillar Blend. To achieve better color depth, use about 30% more dye. When using liquid dyes, color blocks, chips or no dye, heat the wax to155°F (68.3°C).
Fragrances / Essential Oils: Many fragrances and essential oils work in Pillar Blend, especially those designed for soy wax in general. To minimize scent loss, add scent prior to pouring but at a wax temperature no less than 135°F (57.2°C). Optimum hot scent throw is achieved with a full diameter burn pool at a depth of ¼ to ½ inch (0.6 to 1.3 cm). Some scents may react poorly causing bleed, objectionable frosting, or poor flame quality. Try a different scent to correct that occurrence.
Wicking: Pillar Blend requires larger wicking than paraffin. Wicks such as paper cored, cotton cored or metal cored should be avoided as they tend to cause sooting and carbon build-up. Pillar Blend tends to burn more down than out creating a Hurricane Candle effect in pillar candles.
Scent, color and candle configuration have a great impact on the best wick choice. Too large of a wick may cause sooting, quick burn times and guttering (wax leaking through the side of the candle).
The following table suggests wick types and sizes to begin testing, although adjustments may be needed. Keep wicks trimmed to 1/4 inch (0.6 cm). If you experience poor flame quality or stability, try a different type of wick. Test burning should be done after the candle has had a chance to set up and cure for 48 hours after pouring.
||Initial Wick Suggestions (to begin testing)
|Pillar: 2-3" diameter (5.1 cm-7.6 cm)
|Pillar: 3-4" diameter (7.6 cm-10.2 cm)
|Diameter: 4 inches + (10.2 cm +)
||Typically requires double wicking. Try using 2 wicks evenly spaced or in a triangular pattern.
Melting: When using dye, melt the wax to a minimum of 155°F (68.3°C) under gentle agitation to promote even heating and thorough mixing. Higher temperatures, in excess of 190°F (87.8°C), may cause the wax to discolor. Allow the wax to cool to the desired pour temperature.
Pouring: It is typical for wax to solidify at the beginning of the pour during its first contact with the mold. Pillar Blend should have a pour temperature high enough so that when the mold is full, the initial solidified wax has remelted. The temperature should not be so high that the liquid wax sits more than 30 minutes before starting to solidify.
Pour temperatures will vary according to mold type and size, fragrance and dye, and the effects preferred. Pillar Blend does not normally produce static electricity or bubbles when poured, tapping of the molds is not necessary.
There is a difference in cooling rates for different mold configurations. Cooling too quickly or too slowly can cause cracking and/or frosting. If difficulties are experienced with your pour temperatures, try a lower or higher temperature in increments of 10°F (6°C).
PB Double-Pour: When using the Pillar Blend, two pours are required with candles such as 3 & 4 inch (7.6 cm & 10.2 cm) diameter pillars. The first pour is done at 155°F (68.3°C) by filling the mold to the top and allowing the candle to set up with a warm but congealed soft center. If the top of the mold (bottom of the candle) has "skinned" over and left a void inside, poke two holes into the candle near the wick.
The second pour is done at 140°F (60.0°C) while the candle center is still warm but congealed.
Do not pour past the solidified wax of the first pour; in essence "fill" the first pour.
Making Votives with Pillar Blend: The first pour is done at 155°F (68.3°C) by filling the mold within 1/8 inch (0.3 cm) from the top. Allow the votive to cool until it is still warm with a congealed center that has no liquid. If the top of the candle has "skinned" over, poke two holes near the wick. Pour a second time at 140°F (60.0°C) to completely fill the votive mold.
Pour temperatures should be checked and confirmed according to seasonal changes.
Candle Cooling: Cool undisturbed candles at an ambient temperature of 70° F (21.1°C). The containers should be about 1/2 inch (1.3 cm) apart to allow air circulation for even cooling. The container should remain open during cooling for at least 24 hrs (large candles may require longer times). Slower cooling will encourage container adhesion while quicker cooling will encourage container pull away. Pillar Blend is designed to adhere to the glass and should be encouraged to do so. Candles should be allowed to sit undisturbed for 48 hours before test burning.
Test Burning: Test burn the candle for burn pool diameter and quality after it has setup (cured or dried) for a minimum of 48 hours. Every combination of container, wax, dye, fragrances, and wick should be tested for burn quality.
Storage (Packaged): Pillar Blend flakes should be stored in a cool dry location away from direct heat, sunlight and moisture. Temporary extremes in temperatures, cold or hot, have no adverse effect. Pillar Blend may be used frozen, and, if partially melted, allowed to cool and re-solidify before use.
General Trouble Shooting
Test for one variable at a time when trouble shooting to isolate the cause. Variables include (but are not limited to): the container, wax, dye, fragrance, wick, pour temperature, and environmental conditions such, as cooling temperature, along with manufacturing conditions.
- First make a candle in the container with only the wick (no dye or fragrance). If it looks good then the wax is performing normally.
- Then, one at a time, change a variable. Try adding the dye without fragrance to the container, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well, the dye is compatible with the wax.
- Try adding the fragrance without dye to the container, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well, the fragrance is compatible with the wax.
- Try the dye and fragrance together with the container, wax and wick. If it looks good and burns well the dye/fragrance combination is compatible with the wax.
- If you are experiencing burn problems, try a different type or size of wick.
- Other variables to try are different pouring and cooling temperatures and even different containers.
- Ensure all equipment and materials are contaminant free.
- Test for one variable at a time when trouble shooting to isolate the cause.
Shelf Life: When stored properly, as per instructions, Pillar Blend has a minimum shelf life of 3 years. However, for finished candles, our tests have shown that they can last at least 10 years.